Annual bus safety inspections

This page provides an overview of annual bus safety inspection requirements for buses operated by accredited and registered operators.

Under the Bus Safety Act 2009 (Vic), bus safety inspections are a legal requirement for accredited and registered operators. Each bus that is used in the provision of the operator's bus service must be inspected annually by a licensed bus tester.

Who can inspect your buses?

Only licensed bus testers may carry out an annual bus safety inspection. In Victoria, bus testers are licensed by VicRoads.

We have created an interactive map showing Victorian licensed bus testers. The map displays 'Licensed Bus Testers - Small' and 'Licensed Bus Testers - Large'.

  • Small Bus: Any vehicle with ten (10) or more seats including the driver with a weight up to and including 5 tonnes.
  • Large Bus: Any vehicle with ten (10) or more seats including the driver with a weight exceeding 5 tonnes.

You can also view the VicRoads map of all licensed vehicle testers.

LBT map

What is inspected?

The inspection is a check of the bus to ensure that key components have not worn or deteriorated and that it is safe for normal road use. An inspection mainly covers items including:

  • wheels and tyres
  • steering, suspension and braking systems
  • seats and seat belts
  • lamps and reflectors
  • windscreen and windows, including front windscreen
  • wipers and washers
  • the structure of the bus itself, and
  • other safety related items on the body, chassis or engine.

For more information about what is involved in a bus safety inspection, please visit the VicRoads website.

Next steps

After an inspection, the licensed bus tester will issue a roadworthy certificate or a test report listing the defective areas of the bus.

A roadworthy certificate means that the bus is safe for normal road use. However, it does not mean that the vehicle is in top condition without wear or deterioration. For the purposes of the Bus Safety Act the certificate is valid for 12 months from the date of issue.

If issued with a test report, a follow-up inspection is not required.

Accredited bus operators

Accredited operators must add the defects to the 'defect reporting and clearance' section of their maintenance management system (MMS) and rectify the defects before using the bus in their bus service.

Registered bus operators

Registered operators should keep records of their annual bus safety inspection and must rectify the defects before using the bus in their bus service. Although the Act does not require registered bus operators to have a MMS, Bus Safety Victoria may request evidence that buses have been maintained in a roadworthy condition.

Download the factsheet

A factsheet with the information on this page is available to download below.

Inspections in other jurisdictions

Bus Safety Victoria may recognise an annual safety inspection undertaken outside Victoria if the following conditions are met:

  1. At the time of the annual safety inspection, the bus is either registered in another state or territory, or the bus is registered with VicRoads and is operating in another state or territory
  2. The annual safety inspection is conducted by an authorised licensed bus tester
  3. The annual safety inspection is based on the Australian Vehicle Standards Rules (the "Vehicle Standards") and the relevant Australian Design Rules ("ADRs")
  4. The operator keeps a record detailing the inspection results for each bus
  5. If the bus is greater than five tonnes gross vehicle mass (GVM), the annual safety inspection must include a roller brake test. A copy of the roller brake test report must be attached to the inspection document
  6. A copy of the completed inspection document (including the roller brake test report) must be sent to TSV within five days of the annual safety inspection.

Download the factsheet

You can download this information as a factsheet below:

The information on this page provides a general overview and does not cover all of the relevant law regarding that topic.