Bus safety risk management and incident reporting

Bus safety is a shared responsibility and managing risks is the responsibility of the person best able to control that risk.

This section has information on the safety duties and incident reporting obligations of individuals involved in bus operations, as well as advice on improving safety culture and the development of maintenance management systems and management information systems.

Managing the risks to bus safety

BSV's guide to managing the risks to bus safety is relevant to anyone who has safety duties under the Bus Safety Act to ensure safety "so far as is reasonably practicable" (SFAIRP). This includes:

The purpose of the guide is to provide practical advice on how to eliminate or reduce safety risks SFAIRP. 

Risk management process

  1. Establish the context
  2. Identify risk sources
  3. Describe risks arising from the sources
  4. Identify risk causes
  5. Identify risk consequences
  6. Identify risk likelihood
  7. Evaluate risks
  8. Understand and decide on risk treatments
  9. Assign risk treatment responsibility (if appropriate)
  10. Show how safety risks have been eliminated or reduced SFAIRP

Following this step-by-step process will enable you to build a risk register that will help you to manage safety risks by documenting the risks involved and the steps to take to reduce those risks. Practical examples are used throughout the process and a sample risk register is provided.

An important part of each step is communication and consultation. Section 13 of the BSA highlights the importance of including all people involved in the provision of a bus service in planning and carrying out risk management processes. Stakeholder consultation with affected parties will help you to obtain a proper understanding of the risks.

Each step also involves monitoring and review processes so that the risk register is continuously improved and adapted to match your circumstances.

If you would like further information, please contact us.

Managing the risks to bus safety is available to download in PDF and Word format

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